EclipseLink with Derby embedded

Performance Result Summary

The final position of EclipseLink with Derby embedded in the speed performance tests is 4 out of 32,

The following charts show EclipseLink with Derby embedded relatively to other tested JPA/DBMS combinations.

Position #1 on the X-Axis (the fastest) is about 100 times faster than position #32 (the slowest).
In the chart below the Y-Axis represents result score (maximum 100) in logarithmic scale - higher is better:
JPA performance benchmark comparision Hibernate, EclipseLink, OpenJPA, DataNucleus, ObjectDB
In the chart below the Y-Axis represents result score (maximum 100) in linear scale - higher is better:
JPA performance benchmark comparision Hibernate, EclipseLink, OpenJPA, DataNucleus, ObjectDB

EclipseLink with Derby embedded Problems (Exceptions)

EclipseLink with Derby embedded has failed in the following tests (throwing the following stack traces):

  • Graph (Binary Tree) Test - Removal Operations - Few Entities (5/100)
    javax.persistence.RollbackException: Exception [EclipseLink-4002] (Eclipse Persistence Services - 2.1.1.v20100817-r8050): org.eclipse.persistence.exceptions.DatabaseException
    Internal Exception: java.sql.SQLIntegrityConstraintViolationException: DELETE on table 'NODE' caused a violation of foreign key constraint 'FK_NODE_CHILD1_ID' for key (110036).  The statement has been rolled back.
    Error Code: 20000
    Call: DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?)
    	bind => [110036]
    Query: DeleteObjectQuery(110036)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.jpa.transaction.EntityTransactionImpl.commitInternal(EntityTransactionImpl.java:102)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.jpa.transaction.EntityTransactionImpl.commit(EntityTransactionImpl.java:63)
    	at org.jpab.Test.doAction(Test.java:271)
    	at org.jpab.Runner$RemoveAction.run0(Runner.java:577)
    	at org.jpab.Runner$TestAction.run(Runner.java:507)
    	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:619)
    Caused by: Exception [EclipseLink-4002] (Eclipse Persistence Services - 2.1.1.v20100817-r8050): org.eclipse.persistence.exceptions.DatabaseException
    Internal Exception: java.sql.SQLIntegrityConstraintViolationException: DELETE on table 'NODE' caused a violation of foreign key constraint 'FK_NODE_CHILD1_ID' for key (110036).  The statement has been rolled back.
    Error Code: 20000
    Call: DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?)
    	bind => [110036]
    Query: DeleteObjectQuery(110036)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.exceptions.DatabaseException.sqlException(DatabaseException.java:324)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeDirectNoSelect(DatabaseAccessor.java:797)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeNoSelect(DatabaseAccessor.java:863)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.basicExecuteCall(DatabaseAccessor.java:583)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeCall(DatabaseAccessor.java:526)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeCall(AbstractSession.java:980)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.executeCall(DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.java:206)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.executeCall(DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.java:192)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.deleteObject(DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.java:183)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.StatementQueryMechanism.deleteObject(StatementQueryMechanism.java:101)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DeleteObjectQuery.executeDatabaseQuery(DeleteObjectQuery.java:168)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DatabaseQuery.execute(DatabaseQuery.java:736)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DatabaseQuery.executeInUnitOfWork(DatabaseQuery.java:643)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.ObjectLevelModifyQuery.executeInUnitOfWorkObjectLevelModifyQuery(ObjectLevelModifyQuery.java:108)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DeleteObjectQuery.executeInUnitOfWorkObjectLevelModifyQuery(DeleteObjectQuery.java:113)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.ObjectLevelModifyQuery.executeInUnitOfWork(ObjectLevelModifyQuery.java:85)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.internalExecuteQuery(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:2909)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeQuery(AbstractSession.java:1291)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeQuery(AbstractSession.java:1273)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeQuery(AbstractSession.java:1233)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.CommitManager.deleteAllObjects(CommitManager.java:329)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.CommitManager.deleteAllObjects(CommitManager.java:288)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.commitToDatabase(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:1425)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.commitToDatabase(RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.java:546)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.commitToDatabaseWithChangeSet(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:1527)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.commitRootUnitOfWork(RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.java:200)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.commitAndResume(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:1148)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.jpa.transaction.EntityTransactionImpl.commitInternal(EntityTransactionImpl.java:84)
    	... 5 more
    Caused by: java.sql.SQLIntegrityConstraintViolationException: DELETE on table 'NODE' caused a violation of foreign key constraint 'FK_NODE_CHILD1_ID' for key (110036).  The statement has been rolled back.
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.SQLExceptionFactory40.getSQLException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.Util.generateCsSQLException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.TransactionResourceImpl.wrapInSQLException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.TransactionResourceImpl.handleException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedConnection.handleException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.ConnectionChild.handleException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedStatement.executeStatement(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedPreparedStatement.executeStatement(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedPreparedStatement.executeUpdate(Unknown Source)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeDirectNoSelect(DatabaseAccessor.java:788)
    	... 31 more
    Caused by: java.sql.SQLException: DELETE on table 'NODE' caused a violation of foreign key constraint 'FK_NODE_CHILD1_ID' for key (110036).  The statement has been rolled back.
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.SQLExceptionFactory.getSQLException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.SQLExceptionFactory40.wrapArgsForTransportAcrossDRDA(Unknown Source)
    	... 41 more
    Caused by: ERROR 23503: DELETE on table 'NODE' caused a violation of foreign key constraint 'FK_NODE_CHILD1_ID' for key (110036).  The statement has been rolled back.
    	at org.apache.derby.iapi.error.StandardException.newException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.execute.ReferencedKeyRIChecker.doCheck(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.execute.RISetChecker.doPKCheck(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.execute.DeleteResultSet.runFkChecker(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.execute.DeleteResultSet.open(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.GenericPreparedStatement.executeStmt(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.GenericPreparedStatement.execute(Unknown Source)
    	... 35 more
    
  • Graph (Binary Tree) Test - Removal Operations - Many Entities (5000)
    javax.persistence.RollbackException: Exception [EclipseLink-4002] (Eclipse Persistence Services - 2.1.1.v20100817-r8050): org.eclipse.persistence.exceptions.DatabaseException
    Internal Exception: java.sql.SQLIntegrityConstraintViolationException: DELETE on table 'NODE' caused a violation of foreign key constraint 'FK_NODE_CHILD1_ID' for key (107314).  The statement has been rolled back.
    Error Code: 20000
    Call: DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?)
    	bind => [107314]
    Query: DeleteObjectQuery(107314)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.jpa.transaction.EntityTransactionImpl.commitInternal(EntityTransactionImpl.java:102)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.jpa.transaction.EntityTransactionImpl.commit(EntityTransactionImpl.java:63)
    	at org.jpab.Test.doAction(Test.java:271)
    	at org.jpab.Runner$RemoveAction.run0(Runner.java:577)
    	at org.jpab.Runner$TestAction.run(Runner.java:507)
    	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:619)
    Caused by: Exception [EclipseLink-4002] (Eclipse Persistence Services - 2.1.1.v20100817-r8050): org.eclipse.persistence.exceptions.DatabaseException
    Internal Exception: java.sql.SQLIntegrityConstraintViolationException: DELETE on table 'NODE' caused a violation of foreign key constraint 'FK_NODE_CHILD1_ID' for key (107314).  The statement has been rolled back.
    Error Code: 20000
    Call: DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?)
    	bind => [107314]
    Query: DeleteObjectQuery(107314)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.exceptions.DatabaseException.sqlException(DatabaseException.java:324)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeDirectNoSelect(DatabaseAccessor.java:797)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeNoSelect(DatabaseAccessor.java:863)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.basicExecuteCall(DatabaseAccessor.java:583)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeCall(DatabaseAccessor.java:526)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeCall(AbstractSession.java:980)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.executeCall(DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.java:206)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.executeCall(DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.java:192)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.deleteObject(DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.java:183)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.StatementQueryMechanism.deleteObject(StatementQueryMechanism.java:101)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DeleteObjectQuery.executeDatabaseQuery(DeleteObjectQuery.java:168)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DatabaseQuery.execute(DatabaseQuery.java:736)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DatabaseQuery.executeInUnitOfWork(DatabaseQuery.java:643)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.ObjectLevelModifyQuery.executeInUnitOfWorkObjectLevelModifyQuery(ObjectLevelModifyQuery.java:108)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DeleteObjectQuery.executeInUnitOfWorkObjectLevelModifyQuery(DeleteObjectQuery.java:113)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.ObjectLevelModifyQuery.executeInUnitOfWork(ObjectLevelModifyQuery.java:85)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.internalExecuteQuery(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:2909)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeQuery(AbstractSession.java:1291)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeQuery(AbstractSession.java:1273)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeQuery(AbstractSession.java:1233)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.CommitManager.deleteAllObjects(CommitManager.java:329)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.CommitManager.deleteAllObjects(CommitManager.java:288)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.commitToDatabase(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:1425)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.commitToDatabase(RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.java:546)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.commitToDatabaseWithChangeSet(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:1527)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.commitRootUnitOfWork(RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.java:200)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.commitAndResume(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:1148)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.jpa.transaction.EntityTransactionImpl.commitInternal(EntityTransactionImpl.java:84)
    	... 5 more
    Caused by: java.sql.SQLIntegrityConstraintViolationException: DELETE on table 'NODE' caused a violation of foreign key constraint 'FK_NODE_CHILD1_ID' for key (107314).  The statement has been rolled back.
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.SQLExceptionFactory40.getSQLException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.Util.generateCsSQLException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.TransactionResourceImpl.wrapInSQLException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.TransactionResourceImpl.handleException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedConnection.handleException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.ConnectionChild.handleException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedStatement.executeStatement(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedPreparedStatement.executeStatement(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedPreparedStatement.executeUpdate(Unknown Source)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeDirectNoSelect(DatabaseAccessor.java:788)
    	... 31 more
    Caused by: java.sql.SQLException: DELETE on table 'NODE' caused a violation of foreign key constraint 'FK_NODE_CHILD1_ID' for key (107314).  The statement has been rolled back.
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.SQLExceptionFactory.getSQLException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.SQLExceptionFactory40.wrapArgsForTransportAcrossDRDA(Unknown Source)
    	... 41 more
    Caused by: ERROR 23503: DELETE on table 'NODE' caused a violation of foreign key constraint 'FK_NODE_CHILD1_ID' for key (107314).  The statement has been rolled back.
    	at org.apache.derby.iapi.error.StandardException.newException(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.execute.ReferencedKeyRIChecker.doCheck(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.execute.RISetChecker.doPKCheck(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.execute.DeleteResultSet.runFkChecker(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.execute.DeleteResultSet.open(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.GenericPreparedStatement.executeStmt(Unknown Source)
    	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.GenericPreparedStatement.execute(Unknown Source)
    	... 35 more
    

The following runs have been stopped due to being too slow

  • Element Collection Test - Retrieval Operations - Many Entities (5000)
  • Element Collection Test - Query Operations - Many Entities (5000)
  • Element Collection Test - Update Operations - Many Entities (5000)
  • Element Collection Test - Removal Operations - Many Entities (5000)

EclipseLink with Derby embedded compared to the alternatives

See head to head comparisons of EclipseLink with Derby embedded vs the following compatitors: