EclipseLink with H2 embedded

Performance Result Summary

The final position of EclipseLink with H2 embedded in the speed performance tests is 6 out of 32,

The following charts show EclipseLink with H2 embedded relatively to other tested JPA/DBMS combinations.

Position #1 on the X-Axis (the fastest) is about 100 times faster than position #32 (the slowest).
In the chart below the Y-Axis represents result score (maximum 100) in logarithmic scale - higher is better:
JPA performance benchmark comparision Hibernate, EclipseLink, OpenJPA, DataNucleus, ObjectDB
In the chart below the Y-Axis represents result score (maximum 100) in linear scale - higher is better:
JPA performance benchmark comparision Hibernate, EclipseLink, OpenJPA, DataNucleus, ObjectDB

EclipseLink with H2 embedded Problems (Exceptions)

EclipseLink with H2 embedded has failed in the following tests (throwing the following stack traces):

  • Graph (Binary Tree) Test - Removal Operations - Few Entities (5/100)
    javax.persistence.RollbackException: Exception [EclipseLink-4002] (Eclipse Persistence Services - 2.1.1.v20100817-r8050): org.eclipse.persistence.exceptions.DatabaseException
    Internal Exception: org.h2.jdbc.JdbcSQLException: Referential integrity constraint violation: "FK_NODE_CHILD2_ID: PUBLIC.NODE FOREIGN KEY(CHILD2_ID) REFERENCES PUBLIC.NODE(ID)"; SQL statement:
    DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?) [23003-141]
    Error Code: 23003
    Call: DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?)
    	bind => [10171]
    Query: DeleteObjectQuery(10171)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.jpa.transaction.EntityTransactionImpl.commitInternal(EntityTransactionImpl.java:102)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.jpa.transaction.EntityTransactionImpl.commit(EntityTransactionImpl.java:63)
    	at org.jpab.Test.doAction(Test.java:271)
    	at org.jpab.Runner$RemoveAction.run0(Runner.java:577)
    	at org.jpab.Runner$TestAction.run(Runner.java:507)
    	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:619)
    Caused by: Exception [EclipseLink-4002] (Eclipse Persistence Services - 2.1.1.v20100817-r8050): org.eclipse.persistence.exceptions.DatabaseException
    Internal Exception: org.h2.jdbc.JdbcSQLException: Referential integrity constraint violation: "FK_NODE_CHILD2_ID: PUBLIC.NODE FOREIGN KEY(CHILD2_ID) REFERENCES PUBLIC.NODE(ID)"; SQL statement:
    DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?) [23003-141]
    Error Code: 23003
    Call: DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?)
    	bind => [10171]
    Query: DeleteObjectQuery(10171)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.exceptions.DatabaseException.sqlException(DatabaseException.java:324)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeDirectNoSelect(DatabaseAccessor.java:797)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeNoSelect(DatabaseAccessor.java:863)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.basicExecuteCall(DatabaseAccessor.java:583)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeCall(DatabaseAccessor.java:526)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeCall(AbstractSession.java:980)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.executeCall(DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.java:206)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.executeCall(DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.java:192)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.deleteObject(DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.java:183)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.StatementQueryMechanism.deleteObject(StatementQueryMechanism.java:101)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DeleteObjectQuery.executeDatabaseQuery(DeleteObjectQuery.java:168)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DatabaseQuery.execute(DatabaseQuery.java:736)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DatabaseQuery.executeInUnitOfWork(DatabaseQuery.java:643)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.ObjectLevelModifyQuery.executeInUnitOfWorkObjectLevelModifyQuery(ObjectLevelModifyQuery.java:108)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DeleteObjectQuery.executeInUnitOfWorkObjectLevelModifyQuery(DeleteObjectQuery.java:113)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.ObjectLevelModifyQuery.executeInUnitOfWork(ObjectLevelModifyQuery.java:85)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.internalExecuteQuery(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:2909)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeQuery(AbstractSession.java:1291)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeQuery(AbstractSession.java:1273)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeQuery(AbstractSession.java:1233)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.CommitManager.deleteAllObjects(CommitManager.java:329)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.CommitManager.deleteAllObjects(CommitManager.java:288)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.commitToDatabase(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:1425)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.commitToDatabase(RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.java:546)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.commitToDatabaseWithChangeSet(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:1527)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.commitRootUnitOfWork(RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.java:200)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.commitAndResume(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:1148)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.jpa.transaction.EntityTransactionImpl.commitInternal(EntityTransactionImpl.java:84)
    	... 5 more
    Caused by: org.h2.jdbc.JdbcSQLException: Referential integrity constraint violation: "FK_NODE_CHILD2_ID: PUBLIC.NODE FOREIGN KEY(CHILD2_ID) REFERENCES PUBLIC.NODE(ID)"; SQL statement:
    DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?) [23003-141]
    	at org.h2.message.DbException.getJdbcSQLException(DbException.java:327)
    	at org.h2.message.DbException.get(DbException.java:167)
    	at org.h2.message.DbException.get(DbException.java:144)
    	at org.h2.constraint.ConstraintReferential.checkRow(ConstraintReferential.java:381)
    	at org.h2.constraint.ConstraintReferential.checkRowRefTable(ConstraintReferential.java:398)
    	at org.h2.constraint.ConstraintReferential.checkRow(ConstraintReferential.java:275)
    	at org.h2.table.Table.fireConstraints(Table.java:803)
    	at org.h2.table.Table.fireAfterRow(Table.java:820)
    	at org.h2.command.dml.Delete.update(Delete.java:79)
    	at org.h2.command.CommandContainer.update(CommandContainer.java:70)
    	at org.h2.command.Command.executeUpdate(Command.java:199)
    	at org.h2.jdbc.JdbcPreparedStatement.executeUpdateInternal(JdbcPreparedStatement.java:141)
    	at org.h2.jdbc.JdbcPreparedStatement.executeUpdate(JdbcPreparedStatement.java:127)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeDirectNoSelect(DatabaseAccessor.java:788)
    	... 31 more
    
  • Graph (Binary Tree) Test - Removal Operations - Many Entities (5000)
    javax.persistence.RollbackException: Exception [EclipseLink-4002] (Eclipse Persistence Services - 2.1.1.v20100817-r8050): org.eclipse.persistence.exceptions.DatabaseException
    Internal Exception: org.h2.jdbc.JdbcSQLException: Referential integrity constraint violation: "FK_NODE_CHILD1_ID: PUBLIC.NODE FOREIGN KEY(CHILD1_ID) REFERENCES PUBLIC.NODE(ID)"; SQL statement:
    DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?) [23003-141]
    Error Code: 23003
    Call: DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?)
    	bind => [11676]
    Query: DeleteObjectQuery(11676)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.jpa.transaction.EntityTransactionImpl.commitInternal(EntityTransactionImpl.java:102)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.jpa.transaction.EntityTransactionImpl.commit(EntityTransactionImpl.java:63)
    	at org.jpab.Test.doAction(Test.java:271)
    	at org.jpab.Runner$RemoveAction.run0(Runner.java:577)
    	at org.jpab.Runner$TestAction.run(Runner.java:507)
    	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:619)
    Caused by: Exception [EclipseLink-4002] (Eclipse Persistence Services - 2.1.1.v20100817-r8050): org.eclipse.persistence.exceptions.DatabaseException
    Internal Exception: org.h2.jdbc.JdbcSQLException: Referential integrity constraint violation: "FK_NODE_CHILD1_ID: PUBLIC.NODE FOREIGN KEY(CHILD1_ID) REFERENCES PUBLIC.NODE(ID)"; SQL statement:
    DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?) [23003-141]
    Error Code: 23003
    Call: DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?)
    	bind => [11676]
    Query: DeleteObjectQuery(11676)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.exceptions.DatabaseException.sqlException(DatabaseException.java:324)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeDirectNoSelect(DatabaseAccessor.java:797)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeNoSelect(DatabaseAccessor.java:863)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.basicExecuteCall(DatabaseAccessor.java:583)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeCall(DatabaseAccessor.java:526)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeCall(AbstractSession.java:980)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.executeCall(DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.java:206)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.executeCall(DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.java:192)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.deleteObject(DatasourceCallQueryMechanism.java:183)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.queries.StatementQueryMechanism.deleteObject(StatementQueryMechanism.java:101)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DeleteObjectQuery.executeDatabaseQuery(DeleteObjectQuery.java:168)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DatabaseQuery.execute(DatabaseQuery.java:736)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DatabaseQuery.executeInUnitOfWork(DatabaseQuery.java:643)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.ObjectLevelModifyQuery.executeInUnitOfWorkObjectLevelModifyQuery(ObjectLevelModifyQuery.java:108)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.DeleteObjectQuery.executeInUnitOfWorkObjectLevelModifyQuery(DeleteObjectQuery.java:113)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.queries.ObjectLevelModifyQuery.executeInUnitOfWork(ObjectLevelModifyQuery.java:85)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.internalExecuteQuery(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:2909)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeQuery(AbstractSession.java:1291)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeQuery(AbstractSession.java:1273)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.AbstractSession.executeQuery(AbstractSession.java:1233)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.CommitManager.deleteAllObjects(CommitManager.java:329)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.CommitManager.deleteAllObjects(CommitManager.java:288)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.commitToDatabase(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:1425)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.commitToDatabase(RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.java:546)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.commitToDatabaseWithChangeSet(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:1527)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.commitRootUnitOfWork(RepeatableWriteUnitOfWork.java:200)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.sessions.UnitOfWorkImpl.commitAndResume(UnitOfWorkImpl.java:1148)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.jpa.transaction.EntityTransactionImpl.commitInternal(EntityTransactionImpl.java:84)
    	... 5 more
    Caused by: org.h2.jdbc.JdbcSQLException: Referential integrity constraint violation: "FK_NODE_CHILD1_ID: PUBLIC.NODE FOREIGN KEY(CHILD1_ID) REFERENCES PUBLIC.NODE(ID)"; SQL statement:
    DELETE FROM NODE WHERE (ID = ?) [23003-141]
    	at org.h2.message.DbException.getJdbcSQLException(DbException.java:327)
    	at org.h2.message.DbException.get(DbException.java:167)
    	at org.h2.message.DbException.get(DbException.java:144)
    	at org.h2.constraint.ConstraintReferential.checkRow(ConstraintReferential.java:381)
    	at org.h2.constraint.ConstraintReferential.checkRowRefTable(ConstraintReferential.java:398)
    	at org.h2.constraint.ConstraintReferential.checkRow(ConstraintReferential.java:275)
    	at org.h2.table.Table.fireConstraints(Table.java:803)
    	at org.h2.table.Table.fireAfterRow(Table.java:820)
    	at org.h2.command.dml.Delete.update(Delete.java:79)
    	at org.h2.command.CommandContainer.update(CommandContainer.java:70)
    	at org.h2.command.Command.executeUpdate(Command.java:199)
    	at org.h2.jdbc.JdbcPreparedStatement.executeUpdateInternal(JdbcPreparedStatement.java:141)
    	at org.h2.jdbc.JdbcPreparedStatement.executeUpdate(JdbcPreparedStatement.java:127)
    	at org.eclipse.persistence.internal.databaseaccess.DatabaseAccessor.executeDirectNoSelect(DatabaseAccessor.java:788)
    	... 31 more
    

The following runs have been stopped due to being too slow

  • Element Collection Test - Retrieval Operations - Many Entities (5000)
  • Element Collection Test - Query Operations - Many Entities (5000)
  • Element Collection Test - Update Operations - Many Entities (5000)
  • Element Collection Test - Removal Operations - Many Entities (5000)

EclipseLink with H2 embedded compared to the alternatives

See head to head comparisons of EclipseLink with H2 embedded vs the following compatitors: